Mothers are 79% less likely to be hired, only half as likely to be promoted, offered an average of $11,000 less in salary and held to higher performance and punctuality standards than an identical woman without children.
Maternal wall bias
Take situations where women receive the message that there’s room for only one woman at the top. The next step is for women to fight among each other to be that one woman. This often is called the queen bee syndrome, as if to say that what’s involved is a personality problem in an individual woman.
But the problem is in the environment and in the fact there’s only room for one woman, or a few. Women need to recognize this tug of war when they see it and they need tools to defuse this tension when it happens.
Joan C. Williams explains the science of office politics here:http://www.women2.com/the-new-girls-network-the-science-of-office-politics/